Wednesday, June 20, 2012

Country Comparisons: Prosperity and Human Development


The following studies compare the standard of living amongst countries.

2011 Index of Economic Freedom

The Heritage Foundation (USA) and Wall Street Journal ranked countries on the ability of individuals to work, produce, consume, and invest in any way they please; and the ability of labor, capital and goods to move freely. For 183 countries, ten areas are ranked from 0 to 100, where 100 = maximum freedom. Following are the top 30:


1 - Hong Kong    89.7
2 - Singapore      87.2
3 - Australia        82.5
4 - New Zealand 82.3
5 - Switzerland    81.9
6 - Canada          80.8
7 - Ireland           78.7
8 - Denmark        78.6
9 - United States 77.8
10 - Bahrain        77.7
11 - Chile            77.4
12 - Mauritius      76.2
13 - Luxembourg 76.2
14 - Estonia         75.2
15 - The Netherlands 74.7
16 - United Kingdom 74.5
17 - Finland          74.0
18 - Cyprus          73.3
19 - Macau           73.1
20 - Japan             72.8
21 - Austria           71.9
22 - Sweden         71.9
23 - Germany        71.8
24 - Lithuania        71.3
25 - Taiwan           70.8
26 - Saint Lucia     70.8
27 - Qatar             70.5
28 - Czech Republic 70.4
29 - Georgia          70.4
30 - Norway          70.3


Source: http://www.heritage.org/Index/Ranking

2009 Legatum Prosperity Index

This index ranks 104 countries according to their overall abilities to foster the nine drivers of prosperity. The top 15 countries are:

1 - Finland
2 - Switzerland
3 - Sweden
4 - Denmark
5 - Norway
6 - Australia
7 - Canada
8 - Netherlands
9 - United States
10 - New Zealand
11 - Ireland
12 - United Kingdom
13 - Belgium
14 - Germany
15 - Austria

Source: http://www.prosperity.com/rankings.aspx

2009 Human Development Index

This index, published by the United Nations, ranks the achievements of countries in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and standard of living.

1. Norway
2. Australia
3. Iceland
4. Canada
5. Ireland
6. Netherlands
7. Sweden
8. France
9. Switzerland
10. Japan
11. Luxembourg
12. Finland
13. United States
14. Austria
15. Spain
16. Denmark
17. Belgium
19. Italy
20. Liechtenstein
21. New Zealand
22. United Kingdom
23. Germany
24. Singapore
25. Hong Kong, China (SAR)
26. Greece
27. Korea (Republic of)
28. Israel
29. Andorra
30. Slovenia

Sources: http://hdr.undp.org/en/statistics/ and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_Development_Index

2009 Education Index

The United Nations also publishes an annual Education Index, which measures the adult literacy rate (with two-thirds weighting) and the combined primary, secondary, and tertiary gross enrollment ratio (with one-third weighting). The adult literacy rate gives an indication of the ability to read and write, while the GER gives an indication of the level of education from kindergarten to postgraduate education.

1. Norway
2. Australia
3. Iceland
4. Canada
5. Ireland
6. Netherlands
7. Sweden
8. France
9. Switzerland
10. Japan
11. Luxembourg
12. Finland
13. United States
14. Austria
15. Spain
16. Denmark
17. Belgium
18. Italy
19. Liechtenstein
20. New Zealand

Source: http://hdrstats.undp.org/en/indicators/93.html - there are many other indexes from the United Nations that can be browsed at http://hdrstats.undp.org/en/indicators/



Country Comparisons: Quality of Life


2010 International Living Quality of Life Index

Every January, International Living magazine rates 194 countries in nine categories: Cost of Living, Culture and Leisure, Economy, Environment, Freedom, Health, Infrastructure, Safety and Risk, and Climate. This involves a lot of number crunching from "official" sources, including government websites, the World Health Organization, The Economist, Freedom House, United Nations, etc. Following are the current rankings:

1. France
2. Australia
3. Switzerland
4. Germany
5. New Zealand
6. Luxembourg
7. United States
8. Belgium
9. Canada
10. Italy
11. Netherlands
12. Norway
13. Austria
14. Liechtenstein
15. Malta
16. Denmark
17. Spain
18. Finland
19. Uruguay
20. Hungary
21. Portugal
22. Lithuania
23. Andorra
24. Czech Republic
25. United Kingdom

It is interesting to note that International Living scores all the above countries in the "Freedom" category at 100% - with the exception of the United States and Italy, which only scored 92% in the areas of political rights and civil liberties.

Source: http://www1.internationalliving.com/qofl2010/

Country Comparisons: Health Care


2006 Per Capita Expenditure on Health

The following statistics are taken from the World Health Organisation Statistical Information Service (WHOSIS) and are the most recent figures available. Amounts are calculated in Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) international $ exhange rates.

1. Monaco - $7154
2. United States of America - $6714
3. Luxembourg - $5773
4. Norway - $4521
5. Switzerland - $4312
6. Canada - $3672
7. France - $3554
8. Austria - $3545
9. Netherlands - $3383
10. Denmark - $3349
11. Germany - $3328
12. Iceland - $3319
13. San Marino - $3297
14. Belgium - $3183
15. Australia - $3122
16. Sweden - $3119
17. Greece - $3101
18. Ireland - $3082
19. Andorra - $2910
20. United Kingdom - $2784
21. Italy - $2623
22. Japan - $2514
23. Finland - $2472
24. New Zealand - $2447
25. Spain - $2388

Source: http://apps.who.int/whosis/data/Search.jsp?countries=[Location].Members

2000 World Health Organisation Index of Health System Performance

This index (the most recent available) ranks the overall performance of a country's health system as measured by comparing overall health system achievement to health system expenditure.

1. France
2. Italy
3. San Marino
4. Andorra
5. Malta
6. Singapore
7. Spain
8. Oman
9. Austria
10. Japan
11. Norway
12. Portugal
13. Monaco
14. Greece
15. Iceland
16. Luxembourg
17. Netherlands
18. United Kingdom
19. Ireland
20. Switzerland
21. Belgium
22. Colombia
23. Sweden
24. Cyprus
25. Germany
26. Saudi Arabia
27. United Arab Emirates
28. Israel
29. Morocco
30. Canada
31. Finland
32. Australia

Country Comparisons: Charitable Giving and Global Development


2010 Charities Aid Foundation Rankings

The UK Charities Aid Foundation published an "World Giving Index 2010" in September 2010 which ranks  countries according to the proportion of the public who had, in the previous month, given money to charity, given time to those in need and helped a stranger. Their rankings are:


1 - Australia  57%
1 - New Zealand 57%
3 - Ireland  56%
3 - Canada  56%
5 - Switzerland 55%
5 - USA  55%
7 - Netherlands  54%
8 - United Kingdom 53%
8 - Sri Lanka  53%
10 - Austria 52%
11 - Lao People's Democratic Republic  50%
11 - Sierra Leone 50%
13 - Malta 48%
14 - Iceland 47%
14 - Turkmenistan 47%
16 - Guyana 45%
16 - Qatar 45%
18 - Hong Kong 44%
18 - Germany  44%
18 - Denmark 44%
18 - Guinea 44%

Source: http://www.cafonline.org/pdf/0882A_WorldGivingReport_Interactive_070910.pdf


2006 Charities Aid Foundation Rankings

The UK Charities Aid Foundation published an "International comparisons of charitable giving" in November 2006 which ranks charitable donations by country as a % of GDP. Their rankings are:

USA - 1.67%
UK - 0.73%
Canada - 0.72%
Australia - 0.69%
South Africa - 0.64%
Rep. of Ireland - 0.47%
Netherlands - 0.45%
Singapore - 0.29%
New Zealand - 0.29%
Turkey - 0.23%
Germany - 0.22%
France - 0.14%

Note that this is donations as a percentage of Gross Domestic Product, and is not donations per capita.

Source: http://www.cafonline.org/pdf/International%20Comparisons%20of%20Charitable%20Giving.pdf

2009 Center for Global Development Rankings

The Commitment to Development Index (CDI) rates 22 rich countries on how much they help poor countries build prosperity, good government, and security. Each rich country gets scores in seven policy areas, which are averaged for an overall score.

1 - Sweden
2 - Denmark
3 - Netherlands
4 - Norway
5 - New Zealand
6 - Ireland
7 - Spain
8 - Australia
9 - Austria
10 - Finland
11 - Canada
12 - United Kingdom
13 - Germany
14 - France
15 - Belgium
16 - Portugal
17 - United States
18 - Greece
19 - Italy
20 - Switzerland
21 - Japan
22 - South Korea

Source: http://www.cgdev.org/section/initiatives/_active/cdi/

2008 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Rankings

Ranking of donor country contributions to international Official Development Assistance (ODA) by percentage of Gross National Income as at December 2009:

Sweden - 0.98%
Luxembourg - 0.97%
Norway - 0.88%
Denmark - 0.82%
Netherlands - 0.80%
Ireland - 0.59%
Belgium - 0.48%
Spain - 0.45%
Finland - 0.44%
United Kingdom - 0.43%
Austria - 0.43%
Switzerland - 0.42%
France - 0.39%
Germany - 0.38%
Canada - 0.32%
Australia - 0.32%
New Zealand - 0.30%
Portugal - 0.27%
Italy - 0.22%
Greece - 0.21%
Japan - 0.19%
United States - 0.19%

Note that this is official government aid and does not include private donations.

Sources: http://www.oecd.org/document/9/0,3343,en_2649_34447_1893129_1_1_1_1,00.html and refer also to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_most_charitable_countries. Also see http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=984021 for more statistics.

2005 Boxing Day Tsunami Donations

Following the Boxing Day Tsunami (26 December 2004), private donations made to the tsunami appeal in the first 15 days were ranked by the UK Guardian newspaper in £ per head of population:

Norway -  £7.06
Sweden  - £6.44
Netherlands - £4.90
Australia - £2.80
Germany - £2.77
Saudi Arabia - £2.14
Canada - £1.99
Austria - £1.67
Britain - £1.65
Greece - £1.11
United States - 58p
France - 43p

Source: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2005/jan/16/tsunami2004.internationalaidanddevelopment2

Australian Non-Profits Using Social Media

How many Australian non-profits are actively using social media to get their message out, build online communities of their supporters, and help raise funds?

Only active, official social media sites were included in the following lists. Do you know of others? Feel free to add them in the comments section below.

Blogs

Care Australia: http://careaustralia.wordpress.com/

Cerebral Palsy Tasmania: http://1000kms4kids.blogspot.com/

Project 18: http://project18.org.au/p18-blog/

Reach Out Australia: http://au.reachout.com/connect/blog


Facebook

Amnesty International Australia: http://www.facebook.com/AmnestyOz

Asthma Foundation SA: http://www.facebook.com/pages/Asthma-Foundation-of-SA/27295811391

Australian Cancer Research Foundation: http://www.facebook.com/CancerResearch

Australian Conservation Foundation: http://www.facebook.com/pages/Australian-Conservation-Foundation/14193666340

Australian Koala Foundation: http://www.facebook.com/pages/Save-the-Australian-Koala/182571451849

Baptcare: http://www.facebook.com/BaptcareFamilyServices

Butterfly Foundation: http://apps.facebook.com/causes/14458

Cancer Council Australia: http://www.facebook.com/pages/Cancer-Council-Australia/79994358678

Cerebral Palsy Tasmania: http://www.facebook.com/CerebralPalsyTasmania

Conservation Council of South Australia: http://www.facebook.com/pages/ConservationSA/235970267271

Cure our Kids (The Children's Hospital at Westmead): http://www.facebook.com/cureourkids

Depression Services: http://www.facebook.com/pages/depression-Services/197898309136

Diabetes NSW: http://www.facebook.com/pages/Diabetes-Australia-NSW/13124178324

DotComMob: http://www.facebook.com/pages/Dot-Com-Mob/159476979219

Guide Dogs Victoria: http://www.facebook.com/guidedogsvictoria

Hunter Aboriginal Childrens Services: http://www.facebook.com/pages/Newcastle-Australia/Hunter-Aboriginal-Childrens-Services/143250563716?

ME/CFS South Australia: http://www.facebook.com/group.php?v=wall&gid=44893280104

Plan Australia: http://www.facebook.com/planaustralia

Project 18: http://www.facebook.com/group.php?gid=120341929496

Quest for Life Foundation: http://www.facebook.com/petreaking

Red Nose Day Australia: http://www.facebook.com/group.php?gid=185239370626

RSPCA Australia: http://www.facebook.com/RSPCAAustralia

School Aid Australia: http://www.facebook.com/pages/School-Aid-Australia/200584864721

Smith Family: http://www.facebook.com/pages/The-Smith-Family/13372108263

Tear Australia: http://www.facebook.com/tearaustralia

The Wilderness Society: http://www.facebook.com/wilderness.society

United Way Geelong: http://www.facebook.com/pages/United-Way-Geelong/101938930507

Variety Club Victoria: http://www.facebook.com/varietyvic

White Lion: http://www.facebook.com/pages/Whitelion/287028070187

World Vision Australia: http://www.facebook.com/group.php?gid=10013511239

World Youth International: http://www.facebook.com/group.php?v=wall&gid=4753488502

40K Home Foundation: http://www.facebook.com/group.php?gid=2369454484


MySpace

Amnesty International Australia: http://www.myspace.com/amnestyoz

Plan Australia: http://www.myspace.com/planaustralia

RSPCA Australia: http://www.myspace.com/rspca_australia


Twitter

Amnesty International Australia: http://twitter.com/AmnestyOz

Asthma Foundation SA: http://twitter.com/AsthmaSA

Australian Cancer Research Foundation: http://twitter.com/Cancer_Research

Australian Conservation Foundation: http://twitter.com/AusConservation

Australian Koala Foundation: http://twitter.com/savethekoala

Australian Red Cross: http://twitter.com/ausredcross_em and http://twitter.com/powerofhumanity

Bankstown Womens Health Centre: http://twitter.com/BWHC

Baptcare: http://twitter.com/Baptcare

Butterfly Foundation: http://twitter.com/BFoundation

Cancer Council Australia: http://twitter.com/cancercounciloz

Cerebral Palsy Tasmania: http://twitter.com/CPTAS

Conservation Council of South Australia: http://twitter.com/ConservationSA

Cure our Kids (The Children's Hospital at Westmead): http://twitter.com/CureOurKids

Diabetes NSW: http://twitter.com/DiabetesAustNSW

DotComMob: http://twitter.com/DotComMob

Drug Arm Australia: http://twitter.com/DrugArm

Epilepsy Foundation of Victoria: http://twitter.com/epilepsyvic

Guide Dogs NSW / ACT: http://twitter.com/GuideDogsNSWACT

Headspace: http://twitter.com/headspace_

Humane Society Australia: http://twitter.com/hsi_australia

Hunter Aboriginal Childrens Services: http://twitter.com/hunteracs

Lasallian Foundation: http://twitter.com/Lasallian

Lifeline Australia: http://twitter.com/LifelineAust

Nature Conservation Council of NSW: http://twitter.com/ourlastsharks

Plan Australia: http://twitter.com/planaustralia and http://twitter.com/youthatplanaus

Project 18: http://twitter.com/Project_18

Reach Out Mental Health: http://twitter.com/reachoutmh

Reach Out Australia: http://twitter.com/ReachOut_AUS

Red Nose Day Australia: http://twitter.com/RedNoseDayOz

RSPCA Australia: http://twitter.com/RSPCAau
RSPCA - ACT: http://twitter.com/rspcaact

Rotary Brisbane: http://twitter.com/rotaryfunrun

SANE Australia: http://twitter.com/SANEAustralia

Save the Children Australia: http://twitter.com/savechildrenaus

School Aid Australia: http://twitter.com/schoolaidaust

Smith Family: http://twitter.com/SmithFamily_org

Sydney Children's Hospital: http://twitter.com/Sydney_Kids

Tear Australia: http://twitter.com/TEARAustralia

The Wilderness Society: http://twitter.com/wildernesstweet

United Way Geelong: http://twitter.com/UnitedWayGEE

Variety Club Queensland: http://twitter.com/VarietyQLD
Variety Club Victoria: http://twitter.com/varietyvic

Vinnies NSW: http://twitter.com/VinniesNSW
Vinnies Queensland: http://twitter.com/VinniesQLD
Vinnies Victoria: http://twitter.com/VinniesVictoria

Vision Australia: http://twitter.com/visionaustralia

Volunteering WA: http://twitter.com/VolunteeringWA

White Lion: http://twitter.com/WhitelionInc

World Vision Australia: http://twitter.com/worldvisionstir and http://twitter.com/WorldVoiceAU

World Wildlife Fund Australia: http://twitter.com/WWF_Australia

40K Home Foundation: http://twitter.com/40KHome


YouTube:

Amnesty International Australia: http://www.youtube.com/AIAustralia

Australian Conservation Foundation: http://www.youtube.com/user/AusConservationTV

Australian Indigenous Mentoring Experience (AIME): http://www.youtube.com/aimementoring

Depression Services: http://www.youtube.com/user/depressionservices

National Association for Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect - Smart Online Safe Online (SOSO) program: http://www.youtube.com/soso

Plan Australia: http://www.youtube.com/planaustralia

RSPCA Australia: http://www.youtube.com/user/RSPCAAustralia

Tear Australia: http://www.youtube.com/tearaustralia

The Wilderness Society: http://www.youtube.com/TheWildernessSociety

40K Home Foundation: http://www.youtube.com/profile?user=40khome



BRAC - Bangladesh


BRAC Centre, Dhaka
We recently visited the BRAC centre in Dhaka, Bangladesh, to assist with some of their programmes. The name BRAC is an acronym for the Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee.

According to Wikipedia, BRAC is the world's largest non-government organisation. It runs a bank and retail stores and many other enterprises to assist people in Bangladesh.

If you are looking to assist with flooding, disease and development in Bangladesh, visit the BRAC website at http://www.brac.net/ and make a donation to this worthy cause.